Publications and Working Papers

Data sets and replication materials can be found on their own page.

Peer-Reviewed (Articles and Book Chapters):

Early, Bryan R. and Keith A. Preble. 2021. “Chapter 23: Grand Strategy and the Tools of Economic Statecraft.” Oxford Handbook of Grand StrategyEds. Thierry Balzacq and Ronald R. Krebs. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Early, Bryan R. and Keith A. Preble. 2020. “Going Fishing Versus Hunting Whales: Explaining Variation in the United States’ Enforcement of Economic Sanctions.” Security Studies 29(2): 231-267.

Public Scholarship:

Preble, Keith A. 2021. “Sanctions reform should start with the Treasury Office Enforcing them.” War on the Rocks.

Brockmann, Kolja and Keith A. Preble. 2021. “Mitigating Humanitarian Impact in a Complex Sanctions Environment: The European Union and the Sanctions Regimes against Iran.” Stockholm International Peace Research Institute.

Early, Bryan R., and Keith A. Preble. 2021. “The Past, Present, and Future of U.S. Sanctions Enforcement.” War on the Rocks.

Early, Bryan R., and Keith A. Preble. 2020. “Enforcing US Economic Sanctions: Why Whale Hunting Works.” The Washington Quarterly 43(1): 159-175. doi: 10.1080/0163660X.2020.1736881

Early, Bryan R. and Keith A. Preble. 2019. “Trends in U.S. Sanctions Enforcement During the Trump Administration.” Compliance & Enforcement, blog:

Preble, Keith and Bryan R. Early. 2018. “‘Sanctions Busting’: The Risks and Rewards to those Trying to Circumvent the System.” June 15.

Early, Bryan R. and Keith Preble. 2017. “America needs Europe’s help with sanctions. It may not get it.” Monkey Cage (via Washington Post). 24 August. URL:

Under Review:

For a complete list of papers under review, please consult my CV.

Preble, Keith A. and Charmaine N. Willis. 2021. “Trading with Pariahs: Economics Sanctions and North Korea.”

Preble, Keith A. 2021. “A Farewell to Arms: Arms Embargo Busting and Arms Control in Europe and the European Union.”

Preble, Keith A. 2020. “Affordable Adjustments and Exploitable Opportunities: The Search for Alternatives to Sanctions Busting Trade.” SSRN

Preble, Keith A. 2020. “Two’s company, three’s a crowd”: a logic of “three-level games” in Southeast Asia

Preble, Keith A. and Zheng Wang. 2020.Do Crosscutting cleavages affect the quality of democracy?”

Working Papers:

Preble, Keith A. “Italy and the Suez Canal Crisis (1955-1956): The Foundations of a Multilateralist Foreign Policy.” Presenting at MPSA 2022 Annual Conference.

Preble, Keith A. and Bryan R. Early. “Branded: Enforcing Economic Sanctions by Tarnishing Corporate Reputations.” Presenting at ISA 2022 Annual Meeting.

Master’s Theses:

Preble, Keith A. 2017. “Abandoning policies of hostility and isolation: a punctuated equilibrium model of foreign policy change in U.S. foreign relations.” Master’s thesis. Northwestern University.

Preble, Keith A. 2014. “Italy and the Suez Canal Crisis (1955-1956): The Foundations of a Multilateralist Foreign Policy.” Master’s thesis. St. John’s University.